Cesar Chavez Academy Chess Club

 
CCA Chess Club Goals
Chess Club Guidelines
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CCA Chess Club Program

Why Offer Chess in School?

1) History
Chess is a classic game of strategy, invented more than 1500 years ago in India. Legend has it that the ruler of India asked his wise men to devise a way to teach the children of the royal family to become better thinkers and better generals on the battlefield. Chess was the result. In the centuries since its invention, chess has spread to every country in the world. While countless other games have died out, chess lives on. In the United States, it has received endorsements by many educators, ranging from Benjamin Franklin to former U.S. Secretary of Education, Terrell Bell.

2) Academic Benefits
Chess in schools directly contributes to academic performance. Chess promotes comprehensive thinking among children . It does so by teaching the following skills:
Focusing - Young adults are taught the benefits of observing carefully and concentrating. If they don’t watch what is happening, they can’t respond to it, no matter how smart they are.
Visualizing - Young adults are prompted to imagine a sequence of actions before it happens. Actually strengthening the ability to visualize by training them to shift the pieces in their mind, first one, then several moves ahead.
Thinking Ahead - Young adults are taught to think first, then act. They are taught to ask themselves “If I do this, what might happen then, and how can I respond?” Over time, chess helps develop patience and thoughtfulness.
Weighing Options - Young adults are taught that they don’t have to do the first thing that pops into their mind. They learn to identify alternatives and consider the pros and cons of various actions.
Analyzing Concretely
- Young adults learn to evaluate the results of specific actions and sequences. Does this sequence help me or hurt me? Decisions are better when guided by logic, rather than impulse.
Thinking Abstractly - Young adults are taught to step back periodically from details and consider the bigger picture. They also learn to take patterns used in one context and apply them to different, but related situations.
Planning - Young adults are taught to develop longer range goals and take steps toward bringing them about. They are also taught of the need to reevaluate their plans as new developments change the situation.
Juggling Multiple Considerations Simultaneously - Young adults are encouraged not to become overly absorbed in any one consideration, but to try to weigh various factors all at once.

None of these skills are specific to chess, but they are all part of the game. The beauty of chess as a teaching tool is that it stimulates children’ minds and helps them to build these skills while enjoying themselves. As a result, children become more critical thinkers, better problem solvers, and more independent decision makers.

3) Educational Research
These conclusions have been backed up by educational research. Studies have been done in various locations around the United States and Canada, showing that chess results in increased scores on standardized tests for both reading and math.

4) Social Benefits
In the schools, chess often serves as a bridge, bringing together children of different ages, races and genders in an activity they can all enjoy. Chess helps build individual friendships and also school spirit when children compete together as teams against other schools. Chess also teaches children about sportsmanship - how to win graciously and not give up when encountering defeat. For children with adjustment issues, there are many examples where chess has led to increased motivation, improved behavior, better self-image, and even improved attendance. Chess provides a positive social outlet, a wholesome recreational activity that can be easily learned and enjoyed at any age.

Objectives

The first week of classes will be dedicated to identify beginners, mid-level and advanced players.  Advanced students will focus on review of masters' strategies and recreation of actual games and competitive matches between students. Mid-level students will have a swift review of program objectives before advancing to competitive matches with the advanced level program.  For the beginning student these objectives will be used as a week to week approach to teaching the fundamentals of chess.

Objective 1
Chess History/Timeline
Chess Board - Chess Pieces – Names, Movement and Relative Value

Objective 2
Castling – King & Queen side
En Passant - Pawn Promotion

Objective 3
Check - Fight or Flight
Checkmate – End of Game
Other Checkmates
King & Queen vs. King Drill
King & Rook vs. King Drill

Objective 4
Draws: Stalemate, 3 Move rule, 50 Move rule

Objective 5
Chess Strategy: Opening, quick attack, basic defense, piece trading: values and positional considerations

Objective 6
Pawn Structures: Passed Pawns, Protected Passed Pawn, Isolated Pawn, Doubled Pawns, Backward Pawn, Pawn Islands

Objective 7
Fork, Pin and Skewer

Objective 8
Discovered Attack, Discovered Check and Discovered Double Check!
Sacrifice - A Science and an Art

Objective 9
Algebraic Notation

Objective 10
Chess Ratings: Relative Estimations of Strength Scorekeeping

Objective 11
Tournament Etiquette - Chess Clock

Objective 12
Competitive Chess

Objectives' Links

Objective 1

Chess History  
Chess Timeline
Chess Board
Chess Pieces – Names, Movement and Relative Value

Objective 2

Castling
En Passant
Pawn Promotion
Opening
Middle Game
End Game

Objective 3

Check - Fight or Flight
Checkmate – End of Game
Other Checkmates

Objective 4

Draws: Stalemate, 3 Move rule, 50 Move rule

Objective 5 Chess Strategy: Opening, quick attack, basic defense, piece trading: values and positional considerations
Objective 6 Pawn Structures: Passed Pawns, Protected Passed Pawn, Isolated Pawn, Doubled Pawns, Backward Pawn, Pawn Islands
Objective 7 Fork, Pin and Skewer
Objective 8

Discovered Attack, Discovered Check and Discovered Double Check
Sacrifice - A Science and an Art

Objective 9

Algebraic Notation

Objective 10 Chess Ratings: Relative Estimations of Strength Scorekeeping
Objective 11 Tournament Etiquette - Chess Clock
Objective 12 Competitive Chess